Indian Classical Music
Indian Classical Music has various divisions like (Hori) Khyaal, Thumari, Tappa, Tarana etc. Tappa is a form of Indian semi-classical vocal music. Its specialty is the rapid, delicate and complex arrangement. Its tunes are pleasing, rich and represent the emotional outbreaks of a lover. Mostly songstresses, known as Baigees, sang Tappe in royal courts.
‘Tappa’ means jumping, springing up and bouncing. In Tappa, the singer uses an extraordinary rule of continuous efforts of not to stop while singing.
Poetry full of expressions of love and physical affection is the prominent characteristic of Tappa. Singers sing the lyrics in different speed and voice. Tappe music compositions are very short. singers sing Tappa based on Shringara Rasa.
Singers use Murkee, Meend, Taan with Gamak in this kind of singing. They sing in Jalad Laya (fast). Additionaly, Singers chiefly employ raagas like Khamaaj, Kafee, Bhairavee, Pilu in this style of singing.
Malini Rajurkar, Kumar Gandharva, Jitendra Abhisheki,Manjiri Asnare are some of the names of the accomplished Tappa singers.
It is believed that Tappa was derived from The folk music of Punjab and Sindh. It was the folk song of camel-drivers in that region. Mian Gulam Nabi Shori or Shori Mian developed Tappa as a form of classical music in Punjabi words.
The lyrics in Tappa are very short. This exciting form of Tappa singing requires an enormous skill over charming musical aspect. The singer has to manage it steadily.
Tappa – An ‘Endangered’ Form
Tappa is a light classical style which is declining in demand. Consequently, singers don’t perform Tappa musical performances these days. It is an extremely complex style. Also, the number of qualified singers has declined quickly in the recent past. Thus, Tappa is indeed an ‘endangered’ form of music now. Yet, many singers, instrumentalists, and some Gharana have initiated to join Tappa with Khayal. They gave rise to a compound form known as ‘Tapkhayal’.
Even today singers sing these kinds of songs in Bengal, especially in Kolkata. But the numbers of both the supporters and audience of this kind of music are declining fast. Chandidas Maal is one of the last few performers of these songs
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